Iron ore is the main raw material of iron and steel industry. The exploitation and utilization of a mine must be economic in order to benefit from it as an ore. The minimum blending grade of iron ores that are used in the steel industry must be 57% Fe.
In Turkey, nearly 900 iron formations have been explored so far and 500 of them have been studied with the expectation of an economic operation. In our country, the iron ore reserves that can be used in the integrated iron and steel plants are located in Sivas-Erzincan-Malatya, Kayseri-Adana, Kırşehir-Kırıkkale-Ankara, and Balıkesir regions.